Apartment Building Loan

Apartment building loan is a type of commercial financing that can be used to purchase or construct a multifamily property. Generally, these loans offer competitive interest rates and long-term loan terms. Some of these loans are also fully recourse and require a large down payment.


Recent turmoil in the banking sector has led to increased skepticism about regional banks, making it harder for multifamily borrowers to secure financing. This could lead to a slowdown in construction and value-add renovation lending.

Freddie Mac

Freddie Mac, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, is a government-sponsored enterprise that provides liquidity and stability in the housing market. Founded in 1970, Freddie Mac and its sister company Fannie Mae exercised a virtual monopoly on the secondary mortgage market for many years. However, during the mortgage crisis in 2008 they both lost a large amount of capital and were taken into conservatorship. They are now regulated by the Federal Housing Finance Agency.

Unlike conventional lenders, Freddie Mac buys mortgages from private financial institutions and then sells them as mortgage-backed securities on Wall Street. This process creates a secondary mortgage market and provides financial institutions with liquidity for other investments. Freddie Mac’s primary mission is to provide affordable housing opportunities and promote homeownership.

The company’s multifamily loans are among the lowest rate apartment financing options available in the marketplace. They offer LTVs of up to 80% and non-recourse execution, and they can be used for both acquisitions and refinances of a variety of property types, including market-rate and student housing properties. They also offer a range of specialized financing products, such as Freddie Mac Value-Add, which is designed to finance light renovations and remodeling.

Freddie Mac’s multifamily lending program includes forward commitments, which are agreements to purchase loans at a later date with specific financing terms locked in today. These agreements help reduce risk to construction lenders and developers in volatile markets. In 2020, Freddie Mac converted over 500 forward commitments, supporting over 20,000 new and rehabilitated affordable housing units.

Fannie Mae

Fannie Mae, officially the Federal National Mortgage Association, is a government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) that purchases mortgage loans from lenders. It sells these mortgages on the secondary market and helps make homeownership more accessible for low- and middle-income borrowers. It also provides mortgage programs that help homeowners refinance and renovate their homes. It is a vital part of the U.S. housing market and operates under the conservatorship of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA).

Originally, Congress created Fannie Mae to help deal with the foreclosure crisis of the Great Depression. It bought home mortgages from original lenders such as commercial banks, savings and loan associations and mortgage companies. This kept the money flowing back into those lending institutions so they could continue to lend to other borrowers.

In the 1950s, Fannie Mae helped introduce a new type of mortgage to the market: the long-term fixed-rate mortgage. This made homeownership more affordable and increased the number of people who owned their own homes.

Today, Fannie Mae is still a vital part of the mortgage market, but the company has been involved in controversy over unethical lending practices that led to the subprime meltdown. These lending practices resulted in hundreds of thousands of borrowers defaulting on their mortgages, causing the worst financial crisis in decades. Fannie Mae has also given political contributions to lawmakers who sit on committees that primarily regulate the company, including the House Financial Services Committee, and the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee.

Bank Balance Sheet

A bank balance sheet is a list of the assets and liabilities of a financial institution. Assets include the money that a bank receives from customers in the form of deposits or other financial instruments. Liabilities include the bank’s borrowings in the markets. This allows the bank to measure its liquidity, solvency, and profitability.

Many people don’t think twice about going to a large national bank for any type of financing, including apartment building loans. However, it’s important to remember that these lenders aren’t as familiar with multifamily property investing as smaller banks and mortgage lenders.

When you’re looking for an apartment loan, the type of financing you choose will depend on how well you qualify and how long you plan to keep the apartment complex. Government-backed apartment loans have the highest standards and take the longest to close, but they also protect you from excessive interest rates and fees.

Private or non-government backed apartment loans are less restrictive than Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, but they also carry higher interest rates and may require a larger down payment. Commercial bridge loans and hard money loans are short-term apartment loans that can be used to buy, rehabilitate, or expand an existing apartment complex. They are ideal for fix-and-flip investors who want to compete with all-cash offers and often close in as few as 10 days.


There are a number of different types of apartment building loans to choose from. Some are government-backed, and others are offered by banks on their balance sheets. The type of loan you get depends on your credit and financial situation, and how long you plan to keep the property. You also need to consider whether your apartment will earn enough income to pay for itself and pay for the loan. You can also use alternative apartment financing options, such as a CMBS loan, which is backed by mortgage bonds and sold on the secondary market. These commercial loans are non-recourse and can be used to finance up to 80% of the value of your multifamily property.

The most common way to finance an apartment complex is to obtain a construction loan. This involves providing the lender with a project timeline, a detailed plan of the new construction, and a budget. You may need to hire a contractor or a construction manager to help you put together this package. It is especially important to show the lender that you can complete the project on time and on budget.

Many large commercial banks offer apartment building loans. However, these are typically only available to experienced investors who have a solid track record. It is best to work with a mortgage lender that specializes in these types of loans. Many lenders also offer blanket loan programs, which combine a construction and permanent mortgage into one loan. These are usually best for owners who don’t want to wait a year between the completion of construction and getting their final loan approval.